House on the Embankment

The House of Government is the largest constructivist building in Moscow 

House on the Embankment
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The House on the Embankment  is a block-wide apartment house in downtown Moscow, Russia. It faces Bersenevskaya Embankment on one side and Serafimovicha Street on the other side.

House on the Embankment
pinterest button House on the Embankment A.Savin, CC BY-SA 3.0

It was completed in 1931 as the Government Building, a residence for the Soviet elite. 

It was designed by Boris Iofan.

Panorama of Moscow Kremlin from the House on the Embankment
pinterest button Panorama of Moscow Kremlin from the House on the Embankment Минеева Ю. (Julmin), CC BY-SA 1.0

Prior to construction, the site, in the Bersenevka neighborhood of the island opposite the Moscow Kremlin, was occupied by the Wine and Salt Court, an old distillery and excise warehouse.

Commemorative plaque to B.M. Iofan in the House on the Embankment
pinterest button Commemorative plaque to Boris Iofan in the House on the Embankment   Висарик, CC BY-SA 3.0

The flats were mainly inhabited by the Communist Party leaders. They offered spacious rooms with a height of five metres; all flats featured telephone lines, gas ovens and central heating.

The building also housed various communal facilities like a gymnasium, tennis court, nursery, library and laundry.

Udarnik cinema
pinterest button Udarnik cinema Минеева Ю. (Julmin), CC BY-SA 1.0

The Udarnik cinema, which was also a part of the complex, was originally meant to have a roof that could be opened. This plan was not realised, though.

During the Stalinist purges, many tenants were arrested and disappeared. This era was famously described by Russian author Yury Trifonov, who lived in the House during his childhood, in his novel 'House on the Embankment' (1976).

The building currently has 505 apartments (some used as offices), a theater, a movie theater, restaurants, and retail stores.

Notable past residents included:

  • Hovhannes (Ivan) Bagramyan
  • Georgi Dimitrov
  • Boris Iofan
  • Nikolai Kamanin
  • Alexei Kosygin
  • Artem Mikoyan
  • Valentin Trifonov
  • Yuri Trifonov
  • Mikhail Tukhachevsky
  • Mikhail Vodopianov
  • Nikita Khrushchev

Useful Information

House on the Embankment
Russian: Дом на набережной

Admission

free

Opening hours

  • 24/7

Contacts

2 Serafimovicha street, Moscow
Москва, ул. лица Серафимовича, дом 2

Location

The House on the Embankment is located on the banks of the Moskva river, opposite the Kremlin.