Moscow Rizhskaya railway station

Rizhsky station is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow

Riga station in Moscow
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It was built in 1901. As well as being an active station it also houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway.

View of the station's main entrance
pinterest button View of the station's main entrance Alexey Vikhrov, GNU 1.2

It is located at Rizhskaya Square, at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhskiy Station is relatively the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, and is highly used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhskiy is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, and numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow «vokzals».

History

The construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava (Moscow-Vindava Railway) started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya (currently Podmoskovnaya).

The Vindavsky railway station, currently the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901. The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs.

Historical view of the station (early 20th century)
pinterest button Historical view of the station (early 20th century) unknown, Public Domain

After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 — Rzhevsky railway station, and in 1946, when Latvia has been already annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station.

Historical view of the station (early 20th century)
pinterest button Historical view of the station (early 20th century) unknown, Public Domain

Originally, the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished.

Riga station in Moscow
pinterest button Riga station in Moscow Vladimir OKC, CC BY-SA 3.0

In 2004, the Moscow Railway Museum was opened.

Trains and destinations

Long distance

Train numberTrain nameDestinationOperated by
001/002Latvia Express (lat: Latvijas Ekspresis)Latvia RigaLatvia Latvian Railways

Other destinations

CountryDestination
Russia RussiaVelikie Luki, Volokolamsk, Rzhev, Sebezh

Suburban destinations

Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect the Rizhsky station with stations and platforms of the Rizhsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Krasnogorsk, Dedovsk, Istra, and Volokolamsk.