Tretyakov Gallery

The State Tretyakov Gallery is an art gallery in Moscow, Russia, the foremost depository of Russian fine art in the world

Tretyakov Gallery
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The gallery's history starts in 1856 when the Moscow merchant Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov acquired works by Russian artists of his day with the aim of creating a collection, which might later grow into a museum of national art.

Ilya Repin. Portrait of Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, founder of the Gallery
pinterest button Ilya Repin. Portrait of Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, founder of the Gallery Илья Ефимович Репин (1844–1930), Public Domain

In 1892, Tretyakov presented his already famous collection of approximately 2,000 works (1,362 paintings, 526 drawings, and 9 sculptures) to the Russian nation.

Construction project drawing of The project the Tretyakov Gallery by Vasnetsov, 1900
pinterest button Construction project drawing of The project the Tretyakov Gallery by Vasnetsov, 1900 Виктор Михайлович Васнецов (1848–1926), CC BY-SA 3.0

The façade of the gallery building was designed by the painter Viktor Vasnetsov in a peculiar Russian fairy-tale style. It was built in 1902–04 to the south from the Moscow Kremlin.

  Andrei Rublev, Trinity (1411 or 1423-25)
pinterest button Andrei Rublev, Trinity (1411 or 1423-25) Андрей Рублёв (1360–1430), Public Domain

During the 20th century, the gallery expanded to several neighboring buildings, including the 17th-century church of St. Nicholas in Tolmachi.

The collection contains more than 130,000 exhibits, ranging from Theotokos of Vladimir and Andrei Rublev's Trinity to the monumental Composition VII by Wassily Kandinsky and the Black Square by Kazimir Malevich.

Ilya Repin. Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan (1885)
pinterest button Ilya Repin. Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan (1885) Илья Ефимович Репин (1844–1930), Public Domain

In 1977 the Gallery kept a significant part of the George Costakis collection.

In May 2012, the Tretyakov Art Gallery played host to the prestigious FIDE World Chess Championship between Viswanathan Anand and Boris Gelfand as the organizers felt the event would promote both chess and art at the same time.

Gallery of modern art

In 1985, the Tretyakov Gallery was administratively merged with a gallery of contemporary art, housed in a large modern building along the Garden Ring, immediately south of the Crimean Bridge.

New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val
pinterest button New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val Yuriy Lapitskiy, CC BY-SA 2.0

The grounds of this branch of the museum contain a collection of Socialist Realism sculpture, including such highlights as Yevgeny Vuchetich's iconic statue of «Iron Felix» (which was removed from Lubyanka Square in 1991), the «Swords Into Plowshares» sculpture representing a nude worker forging a plough out of a sword, and the «Young Russia» monument.

Nearby is Zurab Tsereteli's 86-metre-tall statue of Peter the Great, one of the tallest outdoor statues in the world.

Vasily Vereshchagin, Apotheosis of War (1871)
pinterest button Vasily Vereshchagin, Apotheosis of War (1871) Vasily Vereshchagin (1842–1904), Public Domain

Near the Gallery of modern art there is a sculpture garden called «the graveyard of fallen monuments» that displays statues of former Soviet Union that were relocated.

Nicholas Roerich
pinterest button Nicholas Roerich «Guests from Overseas». From the series «Beginnings of Rus'. The Slavs.» 1901   Николай Константинович Рерих (1874–1947), Public Domain

There are certain plans to demolish the gallery constructed in the late Soviet modernism style, though the public opinion is strongly against them.

Useful Information

State Tretyakov Gallery
Russian: Государственная Третьяковская Галерея
Translit: Gosudarstvennaya Tretyâkovskaya Galereya
Abbreviated: ГТГ, GTG

Admission

Adults: ₽ 450
Students: ₽ 250
Museum guides deliver tours in English, French and German languages for 3600 rubles.
Tourists speaking other languages (but as well as English, French, German and Italian) with their own Interpreter can book a tour in Russian for 2400 rubles, provided the consecutive translation of their Group Interpreter.
We offer guided tours in foreign languages at the temporary exhibitions as well.
Discover the Gallery with our multimedia players. They are available for ₽ 360. Languages: English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Opening hours

  • Thursdays, Fridays: 10.00–21.00 (ticket office and last admission until 20.00)
  • Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays: 10.00–18.00 (ticket office and last admission until 17.00)
  • closed: Monday

Contacts

10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Moscow, Russia, 119017

Fax +7 (495) 953-10-51
tretyakov@tretyakov.ru
www.tretyakovgallery.ru

Getting here

The nearest metro stations are “Tretyakovskaya”, “Novokuznetskaya” and “Polyanka”