Petrine Baroque

A style of Baroque architecture and decoration favoured by Peter the Great and employed to design buildings in  Saint Petersburg

Kikin Hall (1714), an example of private residence dating from Peter I's reign.
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Petrine Baroque  is a name applied by art historians to a style of Baroque architecture and decoration favoured by Peter the Great and employed to design buildings in the newly founded Russian capital, Saint Petersburg, under this monarch and his immediate successors.

Church of Sts. Peter and Paul, Yaroslavl (1736-42)
pinterest button Church of Sts. Peter and Paul, Yaroslavl (1736-42) Ghirlandajo, GNU 1.2

Unlike contemporaneous Naryshkin Baroque, favoured in Moscow, the Petrine Baroque represented a drastic rupture with Byzantine traditions that had dominated Russian architecture for almost a millennium.

 Kunstkamera (Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography) in Saint Petersburg
pinterest button Kunstkamera (Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography) in Saint Petersburg Florstein, GNU 1.2

Its chief practitioners — Domenico Trezzini, Andreas Schlüter, and Mikhail Zemtsov — drew inspiration from a rather modest Dutch, Danish, and Swedish architecture of the time.

Church of Saint Peter and Paul in Novaya Basmannaya Sloboda, Moscow
pinterest button Church of Saint Peter and Paul in Novaya Basmannaya Sloboda, Moscow   NVO, GNU 1.2

Extant examples of the style in St Petersburg are the Peter and Paul Cathedral (Trezzini), the Twelve Colleges (Trezzini), the Kunstkamera (Zemtsov), Kikin Hall (Schlüter) and Menshikov Palace (Giovanni Fontana)

The Petrine Baroque structures outside St Petersburg are scarce; they include the Menshikov Tower in Moscow and the Kadriorg Palace in Tallinn.

Useful Information

Petrine Baroque
Russian: Петро́вское баро́кко