Aloisio the New

Aloisio the New, known in Russian as Aleviz Novyi or Aleviz Fryazin, was an Italian Renaissance architect invited by Ivan III to work in Moscow

Cathedral of St Peter (built 1517)
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On his way to Russia, Aloisio was apprehended by Meñli I Giray, the khan of Crimea. At his court, Aloisio built some sections of the famous palace in Bakhchisaray. The Italianate carved portal of the palace is particularly noteworthy.

In 1504 he finally arrived to Moscow, with a letter of recommendation from the khan.

He became known to Russians as Aleviz the New, to distinguish him from his namesake, who had been working at the Kremlin since 1494.

Aloisio's first and principal work in Moscow was the Archangel Cathedral, the burial place of Muscovite monarchs. The cathedral's elaborate Renaissance ornamentation was extensively copied throughout 16th-century Russia.

The Arhangelsky Sobor (cathedral) in the Moscow Kremlin
pinterest button The Arhangelsky Sobor (cathedral) in the Moscow Kremlin   Smack, Public Domain

Aloisio the New was last mentioned in 1514, when he was entrusted by Vasily III to build 11 churches in Moscow.

Although only parts of these structures have been preserved, there is enough evidence to assume that they were built in strikingly differing styles. 

Cathedral of the Metropolitan Peter is one of 12 churches built by Aloisio in Moscow
pinterest button Cathedral of the Metropolitan Peter is one of 12 churches built by Aloisio in Moscow KNewman, CC BY-SA 3.0

The best preserved of these churches is the cathedral of the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery in Moscow (1514–17), admittedly the earliest rotunda in Russia.

Years of life: the second half of the 15th century—the first third of the 16th century

Useful Information

Aloisio the New
known in Russian as Aleviz Novyi or Aleviz Fryazin
Russian: Алеви́з Но́вый or Алеви́з Фря́зин
Some Italian scholars have attempted to identify him with the Venetian sculptor Alevisio Lamberti da Montagnano, but the point is still widely disputed.