Lubyanka Square

Lubyanka Square in Moscow is about 900 metres (980 yd) north east of Red Square

View from the Panoramic view point of the Central Children’s Store at Lubyanka Square in Moscow
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The name is first mentioned in 1480, when Ivan III settled many Novgorodians in the area.They built the church of St Sophia, modelled after St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod, and called the area Lubyanka after the Lubyanitsy district of their native city.

Lubyanka Square
pinterest button Lubyanka Square unknown, Public Domain

Lubyanka Square is best known for Aleksandr V. Ivanov's monumental building from 1897–1898.

Loubianka square at 1880-1904 (Horsecar)
pinterest button Loubianka square at 1880—1904 (Horsecar) Karl Andreyevich Fischer, Public Domain

It was originally used by the insurance company Rossiya, but it is better known for later housing the headquarters of the KGB in its various incarnations and today housing that of the FSB.

Dzerzhinsky Square 1966, with the Dzerzhinsky statue
pinterest button Dzerzhinsky Square 1966, with the Dzerzhinsky statue Valeriy Shustov, CC BY-SA 3.0

The square was renamed Dzerzhinsky Square for many years (1926–1990) in honor of the founder of the Soviet security service, Felix Dzerzhinsky. Yevgeny Vuchetich's monumental statue of Dzerzhinsky (nicknamed Iron Felix) was erected in the center of the square in 1958.

View from the Panoramic view point of the Central Children’s Store at Lubyanka Square in Moscow
pinterest button View from the Panoramic view point of the Central Children’s Store at Lubyanka Square in Moscow A.Savin, CC BY-SA 3.0

On October 30, 1990, the Memorial organization erected a monument to the victims of the Gulag, a simple stone from the Solovki prison camp.

Lubyanka Square (Dzerzhinsky Square in 1926 through 1990)&  In the center - Felix Dzerzhinsky monument (sculptor Vuchetich), in the background - the USSR State Security Committee building
pinterest button Lubyanka Square (Dzerzhinsky Square in 1926 through 1990)& In the center — Felix Dzerzhinsky monument (sculptor Vuchetich), in the background — the USSR State Security Committee building Vladimir Fedorenko, CC BY-SA 3.0

In 1991 the statue of Dzerzhinsky was removed following the failure of the coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev, and the square's original name was officially restored.

The Moscow Metro station Lubyanka is located under Lubyanka Square.