Theatre Square

A city square in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow, Russi

Moscow's Sverdlov Square, 1966
pinterest button

The square is named after the three theatres located on it — the Bolshoi Theatre, Maly Theatre, and Russian Youth Theatre.

Bolshoi Theatre in 1932
pinterest button Bolshoi Theatre in 1932 NVO, CC BY-SA 3.0

History

The square emerged after the 1812 Fire of Moscow and conversion of the Neglinnaya River into an underground channel.

Moscow's Sverdlov Square, 1966
pinterest button Moscow's Sverdlov Square, 1966 Yury Artamonov, CC BY-SA 3.0

The river still flows diagonally under the square's park.

The oldest Moscow fountain
pinterest button The oldest Moscow fountain Vladimir OKC, Public Domain

It was designed in a symmetrical Neoclassical style by Joseph Bove in the 1820s, with Neoclassical Style buildings framing it.

Joint metro station 'Okhotny Ryad' and 'Teatralnaya' built in an old house
pinterest button Joint metro station 'Okhotny Ryad' and 'Teatralnaya' built in an old house Andreykor, CC0 1.0

However, in the second half of the 19th century the Neoclassical ensemble was destroyed by new buildings in eclectic styles, that were considerably taller than the original ones fronting the square.

Russian Academic Youth Theatre
pinterest button Russian Academic Youth Theatre Shakko, CC BY-SA 4.0

The square also has the Gothic Revival style TsUM (ЦУМ) luxury department store building.

New Stage of the Bolshoi Theatre
pinterest button New Stage of the Bolshoi Theatre   Shakko, CC BY-SA 4.0

It was during a meeting in then Sverdlov Square on 5 May 1920, that an iconic picture of Lenin was taken.

Founded: 1820-s

Useful Information

Theatre Square or Teatralnaya Square
Russian: Театральная площадь
Teatralnaya ploshchad
known as Sverdlov Square between 1919 and 1991

Location

It's located at the junction of Kuznetsky Bridge Street, Petrovka Street, and Theatre Drive (north-west of the latter; the square to south-east of Theatre Drive is the separate Revolution Square).

Get in

The square is served by the Moscow metro at: the Teatralnaya station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line; Okhotny Ryad station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line; and Ploshchad Revolyutsii station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line.