Beklemishevskaya Tower

The Beklemishevskaya Tower is a corner tower on the southeastern side of the Moscow Kremlin on the Moscow River

Beklemishevskaya Tower Bolshoj Moskvoretsky Bridge in Moscow
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The tower was built in 1487—1488 by an Italian architect Marco Ruffo (known as Mark Fryazin in Russia).

It was named after a boyar Ivan Bersen-Beklemishev, whose house had been adjacent to the tower from the Kremlin side.

Beklemishevskaya Tower
pinterest button Beklemishevskaya Tower Presidential Press and Information Office, CC BY 3.0

The Beklemishevskaya Tower was constructed for protecting the ford and the crossing over the Moscow River.

There was the so-called ‘listening' vault underneath the tower, which was used for preventing the enemy from tunneling his way to the Kremlin.

Вид на башню с Москворецкого моста
pinterest button Вид на башню с Москворецкого моста A.Savin, CC BY-SA 3.0

The Beklemishevskaya Tower is 46.2 m in height. 

Beklemishevskaya Tower and Kremlin east wall
pinterest button Beklemishevskaya Tower and Kremlin east wall Concierge.2C, CC BY-SA 3.0

During the October Revolution of 1917, the top of the tower was damaged by a shell. It was restored a year later by an architect I.V. Rylsky.